Historia vtriusque belli Dacici a Traiano Caesare gesti : ex simulachris quae in columna eiusdem Romae visuntur collecta
The triumphal column erected by the Roman senate in 113 A.D. to celebrate the victories of the emperor Trajan (died 117) over the Dacians is one of the best-preserved monuments of Imperial Rome. The first publication to include a full series of illustrations of the sculpted reliefs was Alfonso Chacón’s history of the wars against the Dacians. In 1569, the Brescian painter Girolamo Muziano (1532–92) had been granted permission to publish prints of the frieze, which are thought to have been based on the drawings of Jacopo Ripanda (fl. ca. 1500–16), one of the first artists to make a close study of the column. Alfonso Chacón, a Spanish Dominican scholar in Rome, dedicated his book to King Philip II of Spain, the self-proclaimed champion of the Church of Rome, and the ruler of a vast empire. Philip would have been flattered by the analogy to the emperor Trajan (also Spanish-born), whose victories over the enemies of the empire were celebrated by the column.
- Chacón, Alfonso, 1540-1599
- Philip, II, King of Spain, 1527-1598
- Zanetti, Francesco, fl. 1563-1591
- Tosi, Bartolomeo
- Muziano, Girolamo, 1532-1592
- Raphael, 1483-1520
- Romano, Giulio, 1499-1546
- Polidoro, da Caravaggio, ca. 1495-ca. 1543
- Gourreau de La Proustière, Philippe, 1611-1694
- 42,  p., 130 double leaves of plates,  double leaves of plates : chiefly ill. (etchings) ; 34 cm. (fol.)
- Romae : apud Franciscum Zanettum & Bartholomaeum Tosium socios, Anno Domini M.D.LXXVI. 
- Ill. by Girolamo Muziano and by Raphael and his students Giulio Romano and Giovanni Polidoro.
- First edition.
- Signatures: A-F⁴.
- T.p. exists in two states, one of which includes this bookseller statement: Si vendono in Piazza Nauona da Gio. Battista Rossi milanese.
- Adams also identifies another edition (C1628) published by the same printers in the same year. In this edition (Adams C1627) the decorated initial in the dedication occupies 6 lines; in the other edition it occupies 11. In this edition the final page is numbered correctly; in the other it is misnumbered 34.
- Printer's device with anchor and dolphin on t.p.
- Signatures: A-F⁴.
- Possibly sometimes issued with "Historia ceu verissima a calumniis multorum vindicata", 22 further pages following the index (cf. OCLC). 320 individual scenes are numbered in the plates, presumably corresponding to explanations in Chacón's text.
- Woodcuts in text: device, ornamental initials, tail-piece.
- Includes index.
- Purchase supported by the Elise and Wesley Wright, Jr. '51 Marquand Book Fund.
- SAX copy: Inscribed on front free endpaper: Roma[e] Empt: 1655, Philippus Gourreau, prior de Villar[e]belle. NjP.
- Adams, C1627.
- BM STC Italian, 1465-1600.
- Marquand Library, Princeton University . NA9340.R8 C422 1576q