Passione di Cristo [fragment]
The unique fragment of the Passione di Cristo is one of the most problematic survivals of early printing. It came to light in 1927 in the possession of the Munich bookdealer Jacques Rosenthal. The leaves apparently had been retrieved as waste material from some unidentified binding. As a complete work, it would have consisted of 17 leaves, printed with 16 full-page metalcut scenes of the life of Jesus from the entry into Jerusalem to the Last Judgment, each facing a page with a related printed prayer in Italian. The full set of metalcuts is preserved in a unique incunable in the State Library of Munich, being a German-language counterpart to the Italian fragment, printed with the type used also to print the unique Scheide copy of the Almanac calculated for Vienna, 1462. Other incomplete fragments of printed German versions of the prayerbook also survive. On various grounds, the distinguished incunabulist Konrad Haebler proposed that the Italian fragment had been printed in northern Italy, in the vicinity of Bologna and Ferrara, about 1463: two years or more before the traditional candidate as the first Italian incunable, the works of Lactantius printed at the ancient monastery of Subiaco (50 km east of Rome) by Conrad Sweynheym and Arnold Pannartz, 29 October 1465. The Passione di Cristo fragment was purchased by a learned New Orleans attorney, Edward Alexander Parsons, whose massive library was acquired by the University of Texas in 1958, but Parsons retained the Passione di Cristo, which remained within his family until its 1998 auction. Thus, for more than seventy years it was not available for scholarly investigation. When cataloguing the fragment for sale, Felix de Marez Oyens studied the two partially preserved watermarks, and determined that in terms of localization and date, they matched almost precisely what Haebler had hypothesized on other grounds. Because the Passione di Cristo follows the Munich German edition, Leiden Christi, page for page, the entire edition can be reconstructed. The first five leaves are missing. Of the remaining leaves, the six with printed text are fully preserved (fos. 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16). Of the six leaves with metalcut images, one (fo. 17) is preserved in full; one (fo. 7) preserves about of each of its two metalcuts; and four (fos. 9, 11, 13, 15) preserve only narrow vertical strips on which the inner margins of the metalcuts are visible. The strip of fo. 11 is so narrow that it has not been reproduced.
- Leiden Christi. Italian
- Parsons, Edward Alexander, 1878-1962
- 7 complete and 5 fragmentary leaves, of originally 17; 13.5 × 10.5 cm. (Chancery 8vo, quarter-sheets)
- [Northern Italy (Bologna or Ferrara?)] : Ulrich Han?, ca. 1463]
- Nine blank pages after the front flyleaf, and 10 blank pages after leaf 17, verso are not reproduced.
- Chancery octavo (quarter-sheets), 13.5 × 10.5 cm, 12 (of which 5 fragmentary) leaves of originally 17, printed in 15 lines with a unique type, and with metalcuts (9.8 × 7.7 cm).
- Acquired by William H. Scheide at Christie’s London, 23 November 1998.
- Goff P-147.
- Invention and Early Spread of European Printing, no. 27.
- Bod-inc. XYL-1.
- Konrad Haebler, Die Italienischen Fragmente vom Leiden Christi, das älteste Druckwerk Italiens (Munixch, 1927).
- Christie’s (London), The Parsons Fragment of Italian Prototypography, Monday 23 November 1998.
- Princeton University. Scheide Library..